By Lillian Boyd
A community meeting on spent nuclear fuel storage somehow led to an audience member passing out a basketful of lemons, as well as the meeting’s facilitator telling an individual to “go back to your camera!”
The Nuclear Regulatory Commission held a town hall meeting at the San Juan Capistrano Community Center on Tuesday, Aug. 20, to provide updates on its oversight of the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station (SONGS).
The forum comes more than a year after an incident involving a canister carrying spent nuclear fuel had occurred at SONGS. During the incident on Aug. 3, 2018, the canister was being placed into a vertical receptacle but wasn’t aligned properly, causing it to get stuck on a guiding ring.
Southern California Edison, the owner of the decommissioned power plant, and its contractor Holtec International, which built the canisters for spent fuel at SONGS, halted downloading operations, prompting a nearly yearlong effort to make corrective actions.
Edison has said that in the months following the incident, it had reviewed its transfer operations and adjusted its program to include updated procedures, implement “better training” and add “more intrusive oversight.”
The NRC penalized SCE with a fine of $116,000 this past March. Two months later, the Commission gave Edison the green light to start transferring spent fuel into dry storage again, determining that operations could be safely resumed.
Edison made the announcement last month that it had officially resumed its continuing efforts to place the plant’s nuclear waste into a dry storage facility.
During the town hall, members of the NRC panel reiterated that adequate measures have been taken since the canister incident. Greg Warnick, chief of the NRC’s reactor inspection branch, led a presentation on corrective steps taken in the past year.
Scott Morris, the regional administrator for NRC, gave opening remarks emphasizing the NRC’s independence and credibility.
“We are your public servants,” Morris said. “You deserve a strong independent nuclear regulator, and we achieve that by adhering to our principles of regulation.”
Rep. Mike Levin, D-Calif., urges the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to employ a full-time inspector to oversee loading operations of spent nuclear fuel at the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station during a public forum at the San Juan Capistrano Community Center on Tuesday, Aug. 20. Photo: Shawn Raymundo
San Juan Capistrano City Councilmember John Taylor addresses the Nuclear Regulatory Commission during its town hall meeting at the SJC Community Center on Tuesday, Aug. 20. Taylor, who’s also a member of the Community Engagement Panel for the decommissioning of the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station, recalled a tour of the facility in which he saw first-hand Southern California Edison’s slow and deliberate process to transfer nuclear waste at the power plant into a dry storage facility. Photo: Shawn Raymundo
Linda Howell, the acting director for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s Division of Nuclear Materials Safety, listens to an audience member’s questions and concerns during the federal agency’s public forum at the San Juan Capistrano Community Center on Tuesday, Aug. 20. Photo: Shawn Raymundo
During what at times was a contentious town hall meeting held by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in San Juan Capistrano’s Community Center on Tuesday, Aug. 20, Scott Morris listens to an audience member accuse him of dodging questions. To the left of Morris, the administrator for the federal agency’s Region IV office, which encompasses much of the western U.S., is Linda Howell, the acting director for the NRC’s Division of Nuclear Materials Safety. Photo: Shawn Raymundo
Chip Cameron facilitates a town hall meeting held by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission at the San Juan Capistrano Community Center on Tuesday, Aug. 20. Photo: Shawn Raymundo
Jackson Hinkle, a candidate in San Clemente’s special election for city council, talks about the need to get the nuclear waste at the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station away from the coastline during a town hall forum the Nuclear Regulatory Commission hosted in San Juan Capistrano on Tuesday, Aug. 20. Photo: Shawn Raymundo
With her siblings Coco Johnson, 7, (left) and Enzo Johnson 10, (right) by her side during the Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s town hall meeting in San Juan Capistrano on Tuesday, Aug. 20, Layse Johnson, 12, raises a concern shared by many in the room regarding the thickness and adequacy of the Holtec International canisters Southern California Edison uses to contain and transfer nuclear waste at the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station. Photo: Shawn Raymundo
A pamphlet is held up calling on the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to recall the Holtec International canisters, or casks, Southern California Edison uses to contain and transfer nuclear waste at the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station. During the NRC’s town hall meeting in San Juan Capistrano on Tuesday, Aug. 20, demonstrators, who believe the canisters aren’t thick enough to safely hold the plant’s nuclear waste, handed out lemons as a snide reference to the adequacy of the casks. Photo: Shawn Raymundo
Throughout the town hall, Morris received the brunt of criticism and interruptions from the audience.
“To ensure that policies were developed and implemented correctly, starting at the beginning of July, the NRC has performed five unannounced inspections to review and observe all licensing activities,” said Warnick. “The NRC concluded that Southern California Edison could safely resume fuel transfer operations at SONGS in a manner that was compliant with regulatory requirements. The NRC continues to conduct rigorous oversight of license activities of the site and will routinely report inspection results to the public.”
A total of 49 speakers signed up to address the representatives of the NRC. 49th District Congressman Mike Levin, whose district includes San Juan Capistrano, San Clemente and Dana Point, kicked off the public-comment portion of the meeting.
“(San Onofre) is not your typical site because of the population density. Therefore, you shouldn’t have your typical protocol,” Levin said. “Restoring public trust requires that you take precautions that are not just adequate.”
Levin called for there to be inspectors for every canister that has to be loaded, not just the eight that have been inspected so far.
There are a total of 42 canisters left that need to be loaded. Work to load Canister 32 out of a total of 73 begins the end of this month.
“A 95% confidence interval is not good enough. We need to inspect every canister,” Levin said, before earning cheers from the audience. “I’m also very concerned with the lifespan, particularly by the time they spend on the coast. I’d like to be able to tell my constituents that the NRC is committed . . . but every time we were told this will never happen again, it happens again. Let’s not let history repeat itself.”
Levin, a Democrat, has introduced the “Spent Fuel Prioritization Bill,” which would require the U.S. Department of Energy to consider a set of three criteria when determining which sites to first begin offloading nuclear waste.
The three criteria: operating status, population density and earthquake hazard. Under the proposed measure, the energy department would give priority to sites that are near cities with a large population, have been decommissioned or in the process of decommissioning and are located near heavy earthquake activity and fault lines.
Republican State Senator Patricia Bates (R-Laguna Niguel) and Bill Monning (D-Carmel) have introduced Senate Joint Resolution (SJR) 11 this week that urges Congress and President Donald Trump to approve legislation that would prioritize the removal of spent nuclear fuel from decommissioned nuclear sites in areas with large populations and high seismic hazards.
“This shows that not every issue is a partisan issue,” Levin said. “This will continue to be my top priority.”
Several of the speakers who addressed the NRC representatives expressed concerns over the thickness of the canisters, the lack of inspections for each canister, and the NRC’s abilities in holding SONGS accountable. The Holtec canisters on site are 5/8 inches thick. Several speakers called for canisters with a thickness of 10-20 inches.
“I’d like to invite the audience to come up and grab a lemon and give them to the NRC representatives to show that the Holtec system is a lemon,” one speaker said, holding a basket full of lemons. Dozens of audience members placed lemons at the desk of the panel speakers, where the lemons remained for the rest of the meeting.
At one point toward the end of the meeting, an individual who had been taking photos and who identified himself as a member of Levin’s SONGS task force, yelled out at the facilitator, Chip Cameron, who was skipping over names on the list of 49 speakers and picking speakers at random. Cameron and the individual engaged in a verbal altercation before Cameron told the man to “go back to your camera.”
The meeting had originally been scheduled to end at 8:30 p.m., but it ended up running past 9:30 p.m. The town hall was unable to accommodate all 49 speakers.
For more information on future webinars and town hall meetings, visit nrc.gov.